Open source is a set of principles and practises used to develop products, especially
software, in which the material is developed with none, few or relaxed intellectual
property restrictions, with the intent of fostering creativity and productivity through
collaboration between individuals and organizations.
In the case of software, the source code is usually available, and users are generally
free to use, modify, create derivative works of the software,
although some restrictions may apply. Copying and distribution and the software
is also normally permitted, although there may be certain restrictions that apply to how
this is done
(for example the GPL
has certain requirements for redistribution, including ones about making the source code available
Product Description: Heather Meeker’s Open Source for Business is a practical, readable guide to help businesspeople, engineers, and lawyers understand open source software licensing. Based on the author’s twenty years as an attorney working at the crossroads of intellectual property and technology, this guide explains the legal and technical principles behind open source licensing so you can make the right decisions for your business. It offers tips on using open source, contributing to open source projects, and releasing your own open source software. You'll also get access to quick-reference tables on the major open source licenses, plus forms and checklists you can use to promote compliance. In this book, you will learn . . . • Why open source is not a “virus” • What the GPL is and how to handle it • When and how to conduct open source audits • What a user-friendly open source policy looks like • How to avoid and respond to open source enforcement claims • How to use open source to fight patent infringement claims • How to manage trademarks for open source products
The corporate market is now embracing free, "open source" software like never before, as evidenced by the recent success of the technologies underlying LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP). Each is the result of a publicly collaborative process among numerous developers who volunteer their time and energy to create better software.
The truth is, however, that the overwhelming majority of free software projects fail. To help you beat the odds, O'Reilly has put together Producing Open Source Software, a guide that recommends tried and true steps to help free software developers work together toward a common goal. Not just for developers who are considering starting their own free software project, this book will also help those who want to participate in the process at any level.
The book tackles this very complex topic by distilling it down into easily understandable parts. Starting with the basics of project management, it details specific tools used in free software projects, including version control, IRC, bug tracking, and Wikis. Author Karl Fogel, known for his work on CVS and Subversion, offers practical advice on how to set up and use a range of tools in combination with open mailing lists and archives. He also provides several chapters on the essentials of recruiting and motivating developers, as well as how to gain much-needed publicity for your project.
While managing a team of enthusiastic developers -- most of whom you've never even met -- can be challenging, it can also be fun. Producing Open Source Software takes this into account, too, as it speaks of the sheer pleasure to be had from working with a motivated team of free software developers.
Today, most companies incorporate open source software (OSS) into the software products they create. This helps companies to:
Drive down costs,
Accelerate product delivery, and
Focus on the unique capabilities of their products.
While using OSS can accelerate your product delivery and improve your bottom line, unbridled use of OSS, without proper review and management approval, may place your intellectual property and your company at risk.
In Open Source Software: Implementing a Successful OSS Management Practice, author Jeffrey P. Brown helps you navigate the world of OSS to achieve your desired business outcomes. This book cuts through the OSS myths and provides detailed guidance on how to select and responsibly use OSS.
In this book, you learn how to:
Select software that not only meets your functional and technical needs, but helps you reduce cost and accelerate delivery
Design and implement an OSS introduction process that supports responsible use, minimizes your risks, and accelerates your response to newly found security holes in your software
Create additional revenue opportunities for your company
Change the competitive landscape when competing with industry giants
Navigate and mitigate OSS license risks
This book includes a step-by-step procedure for you to use to create an OSS introduction process that is custom fit to your unique needs.
“I have studied Rosen’s book in detail and am impressed with its scope and content. I strongly recommend it to anybody interested in the current controversies surrounding open source licensing.” —John Terpstra, Samba.org; cofounder, Samba-Team
“Linux and open source software have forever altered the computing landscape. The important conversations no longer revolve around the technology but rather the business and legal issues. Rosen’s book is must reading for anyone using or providing open source solutions.” —Stuart Open Source Development Labs
A Complete Guide to the Law of Open Source for Developers, Managers, and Lawyers
Now that open source software is blossoming around the world, it is crucial to understand how open source licenses work—and their solid legal foundations. Open Source Initiative general counsel Lawrence Rosen presents a plain-English guide to open source law for developers, managers, users, and lawyers. Rosen clearly explains the intellectual property laws that support open source licensing, carefully reviews today’s leading licenses, and helps you make the best choices for your project or organization. Coverage includes:
Explanation of why the SCO litigation and other attacks won’t derail open source
Dispelling the myths of open source licensing
Intellectual property law for nonlawyers: ownership and licensing of copyrights, patents, and trademarks
“Academic licenses”: BSD, MIT, Apache, and beyond
The “reciprocal bargain” at the heart of the GPL
Alternative licenses: Mozilla, CPL, OSL and AFL
Benefits of open source, and the obligations and risks facing businesses that deploy open source software
Choosing the right license: considering business models, product architecture, IP ownership,
license compatibility issues, relicensing, and more
Enforcing the terms and conditions of open source licenses
Shared source, eventual source, and other alternative models to open source
How to Become an Expert Software Engineer and Get Any Job You Want A Programmer s Guide to the Secret Art of Free and Open Source Software Developm
Product Description: Want to know the secret to becoming an expert software engineer and getting any job you want? The answer is simple: Experience. Although, the only valuable form of experience you can add to your résumé, is the kind you can actually prove to have earned. So, how do you gain tangible experience in skills your current job can’t offer you? Get back to programming for fun!
What better way is there to prove a skill in coding than with code itself? Not only is writing open source software a great way to learn and acquire new skills, it’s a brilliant way to gain real world experience you can legitimately claim on your résumé!
In this book, I will show you the system I use to design, develop, and deliver open source software, steer you away from the mistakes I’ve made along the way, and help you build an impressive résumé of projects that’ll get you that job you’ve always wanted, and in time, will earn you the right to call yourself an expert.
Open source provides the competitive advantage in the Internet Age. According to the August Forrester Report, 56 percent of IT managers interviewed at Global 2,500 companies are already using some type of open source software in their infrastructure and another 6 percent will install it in the next two years. This revolutionary model for collaborative software development is being embraced and studied by many of the biggest players in the high-tech industry, from Sun Microsystems to IBM to Intel.The Cathedral & the Bazaar is a must for anyone who cares about the future of the computer industry or the dynamics of the information economy. Already, billions of dollars have been made and lost based on the ideas in this book. Its conclusions will be studied, debated, and implemented for years to come. According to Bob Young, "This is Eric Raymond's great contribution to the success of the open source revolution, to the adoption of Linux-based operating systems, and to the success of open source users and the companies that supply them."The interest in open source software development has grown enormously in the past year. This revised and expanded paperback edition includes new material on open source developments in 1999 and 2000. Raymond's clear and effective writing style accurately describing the benefits of open source software has been key to its success. With major vendors creating acceptance for open source within companies, independent vendors will become the open source story in 2001.
Remote Sensing and GIS for Ecologists Using Open Source Software
Product Description: This is a book about how ecologists can integrate remote sensing and GIS in their daily work. It will allow ecologists to get started with the application of remote sensing and to understand its potential and limitations. Using practical examples, the book covers all necessary steps from planning field campaigns to deriving ecologically relevant information through remote sensing and modelling of species distributions. All practical examples in this book rely on OpenSource software and freely available data sets. Quantum GIS (QGIS) is introduced for basic GIS data handling, and in-depth spatial analytics and statistics are conducted with the software package R.
Readers will learn how to apply remote sensing within ecological research projects, how to approach spatial data sampling and how to interpret remote sensing derived products. The authors discuss a wide range of statistical analyses with regard to satellite data as well as specialised topics such as time-series analysis. Extended scripts on how to create professional looking maps and graphics are also provided. This book is a valuable resource for students and scientists in the fields of conservation and ecology interested in learning how to get started in applying remote sensing in ecological research and conservation planning.
If you've held back from developing open source or free software projects because you don't understand the implications of the various licenses, you're not alone. Many developers believe in releasing their software freely, but have hesitated to do so because they're concerned about losing control over their software. Licensing issues are complicated, and both the facts and fallacies you hear word-of-mouth can add to the confusion.Understanding Open Source and Free Software Licensing helps you make sense of the different options available to you. This concise guide focuses on annotated licenses, offering an in-depth explanation of how they compare and interoperate, and how license choices affect project possibilities. Written in clear language that you don't have to be a lawyer to understand, the book answers such questions as: What rights am I giving up? How will my use of OS/FS licensing affect future users or future developers? Does a particular use of this software--such as combining it with proprietary software--leave me vulnerable to lawsuits?Following a quick look at copyright law, contracts, and the definition of "open source," the book tackles the spectrum of licensing, including:
The MIT (or X), BSD, Apache and Academic Free licenses
The GPL, LGPL, and Mozilla licenses
The QT, Artistic, and Creative Commons licenses
Classic Proprietary licenses
Sun Community Source license and Microsoft Shared Source project
The book wraps up with a look at the legal effects--both positive and negative--of open source/free software licensing.Licensing is a major part of what open source and free software are all about, but it's still one of the most complicated areas of law. Even the very simple licenses are tricky. Understanding Open Source and Free Software Licensing bridges the gap between the open source vision and the practical implications of its legal underpinnings. If open source and free software licenses interest you, this book will help you understand them. If you're an open source/free software developer, this book is an absolute necessity.
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